What will shutdown mean for the Outer Banks’ most visible federal agency?

What will shutdown mean for the Outer Banks’ most visible federal agency?

September 28th, 2023

As another government shutdown looms at 11:59 p.m. on Saturday, the impacts to the Outer Banks most visible federal agency will depend on how long the Congressional impasse lasts and whether steps are taken by The White House to limit what operations and services have to be stopped.

Story by Joy Crist, Island Free Press and Sam Walker, WOBX

The timing for a shutdown couldn’t be worse for visitors and locals that enjoy the activities available at the National Park Service Outer Banks Group’s three parks: Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Wright Brothers National Memorial and Fort Raleigh National Historic Site.

The National Park Service Outer Banks Group Headquarters at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site. [NPS photo]
It would be the third shuttering of most federal government operations in the last decade.

National Park Service officials have not been able to comment on what their plans are if the shutdown happens starting this Sunday morning.

The Department of the Interior’s preparations for a shutdown was not available online as of Thursday, and there is only a dead link to a 2017 department plan on The White House Office of Budget and Management webpage.

With no federal government spending plan or continuing resolution in place, parks would lack the regular funds used for daily operations, NC Newsline reports.

The National Park Service furloughed about seven out of every eight workers during shutdowns in October 2013 and December 2018-January 2019, according to a report last week from the Congressional Research Service.

But the Interior Department took different approaches to visitor access in each shutdown under presidents of different parties.

In 2013, under Democratic President Barack Obama, the three parks facilities were shuttered and visitors told to leave during the partial government shutdown that lasted 16 days.

That full closure happened when the fall fishing season was in high gear and large numbers of sea turtle nests were inside their hatch windows from Coquina Beach to Ocracoke Inlet.

Concessionaires like Avon Pier and Oregon Inlet Fishing Center were initially not allowed to operate, but reopened two weeks later.

Empty docks at Oregon Inlet Fishing Center in 2013. [Outer Banks Voice file photo]

Park roads to the Cape Hatteras and Bodie Island lighthouses, beach access parking areas and off-road vehicle ramps were blocked. The First Flight, Billy Mitchell and Ocracoke airstrips were shut down.

The closure spurred a protest in Buxton, with 100 to 150 people marching from N.C. 12 to the old Cape Hatteras Lighthouse site.

Nationally, the 16-day 2013 shutdown resulted in a loss of $2.4 million to the Outer Banks economy alone, according to a 2014 NPS report cited by the Congressional Research Service.

The Ocracoke Visitor Center during the 2018-19 shutdown. [Ocracoke Observer file photo]
In 2018 and 2019, under Republican Donald Trump, most parks remained at least partially open with services reduced. In part, that approach relied on visitor fees, which an independent federal oversight agency said was likely illegal.

But the gates were still closed to areas like the Wright Brothers National Memorial, but that didn’t stop visitors from trying to access the grounds in Kill Devil Hills.

Visitors parked outside the locked gates at Wright Brothers National Memorial in 2018. [Sam Walker photo]
Vehicles filled the entrance gate area along U.S. 158 on the first day before cones were put in place to block the driveway.

That shutdown lasted 35 days and was over December and January, when visitor levels are usually at their lowest. 7 to 10 staff members (mainly law enforcement rangers) of the Park Service’s 90 total employees in the Outer Banks Group were working intermittently, while all other personnel were furloughed.

It was marked by vandalism and trash piling up at parks across the country, as well as incidents of people illegally driving on the Cape Hatteras National Seashore beaches, illegal camping on the beach, and isolated damage to facilities.

Volunteers coordinated by the North Carolina Beach Buggy Association emptied trash cans and pick up litter in the Seashore.

NCBBA members collected trash and emptied receptacles during the 2018-19 shutdown. [Island Free Press file photo]
Outer Banks residents, businesses, civic organizations and local governments stepped in to help Park Service, U.S. Coast Guard and other federal workers that lost their primary source of income. The Town of Manteo waved late fees on utilities and other payments, and local restaurants offered free meals and food pantries extended hours.

The shutdown delayed several projects that had been planned for 2019 in the parks. But it did not slow visitation that year, which set a new record that has since been eclipsed.

N.C. Newsline reports that U.S. Sen. John Barrasso, a Wyoming Republican and ranking member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee that has jurisdiction over the Park Service, wrote to Interior Secretary Deb Haaland last week asking to use visitor fees to cover operational costs during a shutdown.

The NPS used fees collected under the Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act to keep parks open to visitors during the last shutdown and could do so again, he said.

“Your judicious use of FLREA fees will protect the millions of people who plan and save for trips to these special places, ensure that gateway communities that rely on park visitation for jobs and economic stabilities do not needless suffer, and sustain the dedicate National Park Service employees who rely on a regular paycheck,” Barrasso wrote.

But the Trump administration’s use of those funds was illegal, the Government Accountability Office found, as those fees were supposed to be used for other purposes.

So if Congress decides not to act before Saturday night, and at least come up with a temporary solution, there’s a good chance the chains will be up at the ramps and the doors locked on the bathrooms at the Outer Banks’ national parks when the sun rises Sunday morning.

[Ocracoke Observer file photo]
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